Phaedo – Plato, Greece (428/427 BC-348/347 BC)
Phaedo and Echecrates had been disciples of |Socrates. Phaedo had seen his Guru, Socrates’ dying. However Echecrates was not there within the time of Socrates’ dying and he was very to understand how his Guru was killed. So he requested his pal, Phaedo to offer him minute particulars so Socrates’ dying. Now Phaedo began giving him all particulars of Socrates dying. He knowledgeable him that Socrates was accused of deceptive youth by the Greek authorities. Then he was sentenced in Jain. Afterward, the federal government introduced him to be given the dying penalty, so he was going be killed very quickly. However he wouldn’t have killed till the ship from Delos got here in Greek.
On the day of Socrates’ execution, his many buddies, relative, and disciples had gone to Jail. All had been unhappy and frightened on that day however Socrates didn’t really feel frightened and tense. To please guests, Socrates gave them philosophy on the soul. He instructed them that his physique was perishable however his soul by no means be died after his dying. After giving a lot philosophy on bitter, he went to take a shower. Then once more he returned to the identical place. Now to execute him, the jail officer introduced hemlock which needed to be drunk by Socrates. Socrates laughingly drank it. Finally, as a final want, he requested his pal, Crito to supply a Cock to the therapeutic god.
This story teaches us rather a lot in regards to the idea of physique and soul. For a human being, his physique is nothing as a result of it’s perishable alongside together with his death however his soul is immortal. So human beings ought to consider in his soul as a result of his actual existence is there. All of the above concepts we all know from the Socrates instructing to his unhappy individuals who had gone to go to him within the Jail. Subsequently, Socrates requested his pal Crito to supply a Cock to the therapeutic god. In order that, after his death, his soul would get peace and wouldn’t transfer right here and there restlessly. He thought that the soul is immortal however the physique is perishable. That’s why he’ll get a brand new life after his death.
There are a lot of unacceptable concepts will be discovered. On this trendy time, nobody can consider within the existence of the soul. Likewise, we will additionally doubt in existence of God. So is there any therapeutic god on the planet? Can a soul exist? Is there life after dying? Likewise, we will additionally increase a query upon Greek authorities: Wasn’t the Athenian authorities (Greek authorities) so merciless? Can’t a person have the precise to precise his free pondering?
The story teaches me a vital lesson that I ought to face the dying bravely and I all the time ought to stand for the sake of fact and justice. Whereas studying the story, I remembered our 4 martyrs: Sukra Raj Dharma Bhakta, Gangalal, and Dasharath Chand. They select courageous dying reasonably than cowardice life. All of them died for the sake of democracy and humanity. Like Socrates, they didn’t care for his or her private wants and simply thought for others.