How Do You Get Pimples?
Sebaceous skin glands produce a natural oil called sebum, which lubricates the skin and hair. This oil usually travels to the skin surface via hair follicles.
When excess oil and dead skin build up, hair follicles can become blocked. Bacteria can then start to grow inside the “plug” of oil and skin cells. The bacteria cause swelling and inflammation – the beginnings of a pimple. If the follicle is completely blocked, a whitehead will form. If it’s only partially blocked, a blackhead appears.
Acne isn’t Just a Teenage Problem
The hormonal changes of puberty mean that pimples are most common among teenagers. However, adults can get acne too. Adult-onset acne can be caused by certain cosmetic products, stress or hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy or menstruation. Family history and medication can also play a part.
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More than 50% of women between the ages of 20–29, and more than 25% of people aged 40–49 still suffer from acne.
While you can’t completely avoid acne, there are things you can do to help clear breakouts and prevent pimples.
Ways to Get Rid of Pimples
While it may be tempting, it’s best not to squeeze pimples. Squeezing a pimple could spread bacteria to other areas of your face and cause acne scars.
A few changes to your routine can help clear breakouts.
Find a Skincare Routine That Works for You
One of the best home remedies for pimples is to adopt a good skincare routine and stick to it. Look for oil-free cleansing products that won’t clog your pores. Your doctor may also recommend topical medications.
Don’t Forget to Moisturize
Moisturizing may help improve the appearance of acne. Opt for a light moisturizer that is non-comedogenic so it won’t clog your pores which could possibly cause further breakouts. Products containing ceramides are a good choice as these add moisture and improve the skin’s protective barrier. It’s a particularly good idea to moisturize after a shower or washing your face.
A lack of sleep can make your immune system less effective, making it easier for bacteria to grow in a blocked pore. It means pimples can take longer to heal too. It’s commonly agreed that getting enough sleep helps prevent stress. When stressed, the body increases its glucocorticoid (steroid hormones) production. The increase in this hormone may worsen your acne.
How to Reduce Pimples
Now you know a few ways to get rid of pimples, here’s how you can prevent future breakouts.
Protect Against the Sun:
Many think that the sun dries out spots but that’s not actually true. Heat and thick sunscreens can in fact lead to increased oil production, causing more breakouts. Try to stay in the shade during the hottest part of the day, approximately 11am to 3pm. You should also opt for an oil-free sunscreen with a high SPF to keep your skin hydrated and protected.
Get Some Exercise:
Exercise is great for your skin and whole body. As you exercise, your blood circulation increases. This sends more oxygen to your skin cells and helps remove cellular debris. Exercise also improves your immune system, combatting breakouts. It’s important to shower soon after exercising as the excess oils produced when you sweat can cause more pimples.
Keep Your Hair Clean:
Oils from your hair can transfer onto skin, blocking your pores. Washing your hair regularly will keep it free of excess oils and dirt.
Always Remove Your Makeup:
When you have a breakout, heavy foundations and powders can clog your pores. This can worsen your acne, and increase the recovery time. Removing your makeup every night with a gentle cleanser helps your skin to breathe.
Try Not to Touch Your Face
Your hands are covered in bacteria and oils. If you touch your face with them there’s a risk you could clog your pores, causing further breakouts.
Acne is a common problem. Getting plenty of sleep and establishing a good skincare routine are two of the simplest ways to help avoid breakouts.
The advice in this article does not constitute medical advice, it is solely available for information purposes.